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The congenital heart disease (CHD) clinic directory is an online directory on American College of Cardiology’s (ACC) CardioSmart Website. The directory is designed to help patients, families and providers find specialty CHD care. With nearly 200 CHD centers and practices providing pediatric cardiology or specialty adult CHD services listed, it should be easier to connect with the right provider. Users can search providers by name, center, location or specialty — and easily determine if their chosen provider is a Fellow of the ACC.
Birth defects are common, costly, and critical. Worldwide, approximately 1 in 100 babies are born every year with a major heart defect, while every 1 in 300 births result in a severe heart defect. For the second consecutive year, Congenital Heart Public Health Consortium (CHPHC) members are encouraged to contribute to the international effort to bring attention to this global public health issue.
In the United State, approximately 40,000 babies (1 in 110) per year are born with a congenital heart defect (CHD). Following surgery, the oft-used words of “fixed” or “repaired” lead to the false assumptions. Children with CHD are more likely to report worse health overall. Lifelong care is important to address nutritional needs, exercise, intellectual disability and many cardiac specific risk factors. Learn more about lifelong care for people living with CHD at www.chphc.org.
Did you know congenital heart defects (CHDs) affect nearly 1 in 100 births every year in the United States and are the most common type of birth defect? CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD) has a number of activities planned during CHD Awareness Week to bring attention to these conditions and those affected by them:
You can access the recording of a presentation of those changes here: https://youtu.be/93E9v5_ULxw
Please feel free to share this with anyone else who might be interested.
Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for Children With Special Educational Needs—a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics—provides guidance to ensure that every child in need receives the early intervention and special education services to which he or she is entitled. An article about the new report, states: “Lack of communication can exist between those working in the health vs. education spheres” – Paul Lipkin, lead author. Prior articles have indicated indicates that schools may not fully understand the special education needs of children with a CHD and the specifics about their disabilities. Resources for families and professionals are included.
Congenital Heart Defects (CHD) and other birth defects are common, costly, and critical. Join the effort to raise awareness of birth defects, their causes and their impact.
Here are the facts:
What is a congenital heart defect?
• Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are problems with the heart’s structure that are present at birth.
• Common examples include holes in the inside walls of the heart and narrowed or leaky valves. In more severe
forms of CHDs, blood vessels or heart chambers may be missing, poorly formed, and/or in the wrong place.
How common are congenital heart defects?
• CHDs are the most common birth defects. CHDs occur in almost 1% of births.
• An approximate 100-200 deaths are due to unrecognized heart disease in newborns each year. These numbers
exclude those dying before diagnosis.
• Nearly 40,000 infants in the U.S. are born each year with CHDs.
• CHDs are as common as autism and about twenty-five times more common than cystic fibrosis.
• Approximately two to three million individuals are thought to be living in the United States with CHDs. Because
there is no U.S. system to track CHDs beyond early childhood, more precise estimates are not available.
• Thanks to improvements in survival, the number of adults living with CHDs is increasing. It is now believed that
the number of adults living with CHDs is at least equal to, if not greater than, the number of children
living with CHDs.
What is the health impact of congenital heart defects?
• CHDs are the most common cause of infant death due to birth defects.
• Approximately 25% of children born with a CHD will need heart surgery or other interventions to survive.
• Over 85% of babies born with a CHD now live to at least age 18. However, children born with more severe forms
of CHDs are less likely to reach adulthood.
• Surgery is often not a cure for CHDs. Many individuals with CHDs require additional operation(s) and/or
medications as adults.
• People with CHDs face a life-long risk of health problems such as issues with growth and eating,
developmental delays, difficulty with exercise, heart rhythm problems, heart failure, sudden cardiac arrest or
• People with CHDs are now living long enough to develop illnesses like the rest of the adult population, such as
high blood pressure, obesity and acquired heart disease.
• CHDs are now the most common heart problem in pregnant women.
What causes congenital heart defects?
• Most causes of CHDs are unknown. Only 15-20% of all CHDs are related to known genetic conditions.
• Most CHDs are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other risk factors, such as environmental
exposures and maternal conditions. Because the heart is formed so early in pregnancy, the damage may
occur before most women know they are pregnant.
• Environmental exposures that may be related to risk of having a CHD include the mother’s diet and certain
chemicals and medications. Maternal diabetes is a recognized cause of CHDs. Maternal obesity, smoking, and
some infections also may raise the risk of having a baby with a CHD. Preventing these risk factors before a
pregnancy is crucial.
• A baby’s risk of having a CHD is increased by 3 times if the mother, father, or sibling has a CHD.
What are the health care access and cost challenges related to congenital heart defects?
• In 2009, the hospital cost for roughly 27,000 hospital stays for children treated primarily for CHDs in the U.S.
was nearly $1.5 billion. In the same year, hospital cost for roughly 12,000 hospital stays of adults treated
primarily for CHD was at least $280 million.
• A significant number of adults with CHD in the U.S. report having problems obtaining insurance and coverage for
• Compared to the general population, adults with CHD have 3 – 4 times higher rates of Emergency Room
visits, hospitalizations, and Intensive Care Unit stays.
• Fewer than 10% of adults with CHDs in the U.S. who need care from specialty adult CHD centers are receiving
this recommended care.
Congenital Heart Defects
Frequently Asked Questions
Raise CHD Awareness – Design a Tie!
The American College of Cardiology (ACC) is looking for a new tie design and would like to use this effort to raise awareness for Congenital Heart Disease. As such, the ACC is hosting a contest for patients, parents and CHD colleagues who are willing to share their artistic flair. The tie will debut in April at ACC.16 and will be available with a profile of the artist and information about congenital heart disease. The winning artist will be profiled in ACC’s communication channels. Additionally, a portion of the sales proceeds will be donated to the ACC’s CHD Quality Improvement Fund, which has been established to support QI efforts in Congenital Heart Disease. Please consider encouraging artists to submit a design for the ACC’s new tie. Deadline for submission has been extended to January 15, 2016. Please see submission details on entry form and via www.acc.org/acpc. Email questions to email@example.com.